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Reef Threads Podcast #247


It’s Quiz Week on Reef Threads.

  This week we celebrate Podcast day and learn some things while quizzing ourselves with Martin Moe’s Marine Aquarists’ Quiz Book. Set aside some time to listen and learn with us. Download the podcast here, or subscribe to our podcasts at iTunes. Also, follow us on Twitter at reefthreads.—Gary and ChristineBuy the bookThe Marine Aquarists’ Quiz Book, Martin and Barbara Moe

Steve Tyree Books: Now in Digital Format

Announcing the conversion of two Steve Tyree print books, which have been out of print for a few years, to ebook format. They are both available for purchase and download at reef farmers. The first is: Volume 1 of the Coral Maintenance Advanced Techniques: The Environmental Gradient Cryptic Sponge and Sea Squirt Filtration MethodsCaptive-Maintenance-Advanced-Techniques - reefs As the website states: This eBook describes a natural captive filtration system that was developed by Steve Tyree during the late 1990’s. The system is based on setting up low lighted or non-lighted cryptic areas where low light sponges, sea squirts and bivalves can proliferate. Aquarists can even setup a zero plumbing reef system. The electrical running costs of such a system are very minimal. The eBook details the discovery of the method starting from where it all began in 1996/1997. MORE

Marine Aquarium Terminology: Activated Carbon vs. Carbon Dosing

Activated carbon and carbon dosing – similar sounding, but different techniques for improving water quality. As if our hobby weren’t perplexing enough to the average beginner given all the oddball jargon we toss around, things can get doubly befuddling for novices when they come across two or more similar-sounding terms that actually apply to very different concepts. Such confusion could easily arise, for example, when newcomers are first confronted with the concepts of carbon use for chemical filtration and carbon dosing for nitrate/phosphate reduction. So, to help clarify these sound-alike terms, let’s define what they are and how each is used to maximize water quality in a marine aquarium: MORE

When is a Toadstool Coral not a Toadstool Coral?

"Sarcophyton" ehrenbergi, the False Toadstool Coral. Credit: Dr. Yehuda Benanyahu

“Sarcophyton” ehrenbergi, the False Toadstool Coral. Credit: Dr. Yehuda Benayahu

 Zoological taxonomy is not for the feint of heart. Take, for instance, the humble Toadstool Coral— a stalwart soft coral recommended to every rookie reef aquarist. Despite the ubiquity and importance of these corals in reef ecosystems, our understanding of their evolutionary relationships is in a nascent stage. There are no field guides enabling easy identification, and, in all likelihood, there never will be. Recent molecular study has shown that our current system for classifying the Toadstool Corals and their allies is inherently wrong in many different and important ways. MORE

An efficient reef tank

8cE6xxBXiEfficiency in the marine aquarium isn’t a new idea, but one that evolving in line with the times. It’s always been part of what we do as aquarists, but it’s becoming more important now than ever. We know that it’s possible to have a successful captive coral reef. We also know that it takes a lot of equipment to do so, and all that equipment consumes electrical power. According to my own home energy report from Potomac Edison, my home uses 110% more power than comparable homes in my area. They suggest turning down the temperature of my water heater, unplugging power strips, along with a host of energy savings tips, most things I’ve already done. I know none of those things are the culprit, as that excess power consumption is coming from my downstairs fish room.  MORE

Aquaforest Products Soon Available in the US

aquaforest coral 1 - reefs Deepwater Aquatics distribution is proud to announce an exclusive distribution partnership with the Aquaforest Company. This will be the first time these unique and quality products will be available to retailers in the US. The product line is broken down into Probiotic Method, Salts, Supplements and Coral Food, Microelements for Coral Enhancement, Water Chemistry, Filtration Media and Aquascaping products. MORE

First Biofluorescent Sea Turtle Discovered In Solomon Islands

exclusive-glowing-sea-turtle-discoveredScientists have discovered the first biofluorescent sea turtle in the Solomon Islands. The scientists were filming small sharks and coral reefs in the South Pacific, when they had were lucky enough to encounter this amazing Hawkbill Sea Turtle that appeared to be glowing with red and green light. The footage was captured in late July by David Gruber of the City University of New York and his team. MORE

How to Tell if a Marine Fish Is Dying of Old Age

Large coral colonies and adult surgeonfish in Key LargoWe aquarists try very hard to keep our animals alive as long as possible for a few reasons. The first is that we are caring people and don’t want to see them hurt. The second is that our specimens cost us a lot of money. Exactly how much money depends a little on the care we provide. For example, if we buy a purple tang for $100 and it lives for 10 days, then that fish cost us $10 a day to enjoy. I would say that is an expensive fish! But if that same fish lives ten years, then it costs us maybe around three cents a day (I didn’t do the math, but you get my point) MORE is the world's leading destination for sustainable coral reef farming and the aquarium hobby. We offer a free open forum and reef related news and data to better educate aquarists and further our goals of sustainable reef management.