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Offer: Free Coral Foods With Red Sea Coral Pro Salt

Red Sea are inviting you to take advantage of a fantastic offer to purchase their Coral Pro Salt for a special price of only £55 and get Reef Energy A&B Coral Foods FREE (mrrp £16.95).The offer is available from selected Red Sea Dealers, and only while stocks last. Click the graphic for further detail. MORE

Reefs Magazine: Winter 2015 Issue is a Vital Read

magazineGreat news! The latest issue of Reefs Magazine is available for your perusing online, and this is one you don’t want to miss. Randy, once again, congregates the hobby’s usual heavy-hitting suspects, as well as some fresh faces, to deliver another fantastical slab of reef keeping goodness. Rich Ross and Chris Maupin step into their finest “Mad Scientist” attire for a healthy dose of skepticism and a bit of “muhahah”ing as they break down ICP-OES aquarium water testing by Triton Lab. Ret Talbot gives us a thorough look at the Endangered Species Act in an enlightening feature that not only takes you step-by-step through the listing process, but clarifies some of the abundantly seen misinterpretations circling the environmental law. Lemon Tea Yi Kai makes his piscine-laden debut, painting a painstakingly detailed picture of the whimsical and engaging Halichoeres genus (along with some arresting original images).  MORE

Red Seadragon Is Spectacular New Species

A paper in the Royal Society Open Science has announced the discovery of a new species of seadragon. The Ruby Seadragon (Phyllopteryx dewysea) is named for its incredible bright-red coloring and was first noticed after a male was caught during a biodiversity trawling survey in 2007. At first, scientists thought it was a weedy seadragon, but DNA analysis revealed it to be a completely new species. In addition to DNA research, the team also took a CT scan of one of the specimens. “[The] scan gave us 5,000 X-ray slices that we were able to assemble into a rotating 3-D model of the new seadragon,” said lead author Josefin Stiller. “We could then see several features of the skeleton that were distinct from the other two species, corroborating the genetic evidence.” The scientists believe the new seadragon has gone un-noticed for so long because it is found in deeper waters off the coast. The deeper water habitat may also explain its darker, red color MORE

Beware Marine Aquarium Complacency!

A funny thing sometimes happens to marine aquarium hobbyists who have a few years’ experience under their briny belts—they have a tendency to become complacent in their methods and attitudes. Once they’ve mastered the basics of aquarium keeping, it can become all too tempting for some to kick back, switch to “autopilot,” and say, “Hey, I got this!”But this mentality can be detrimental on the road to long-term aquarium success. At the very least, it can lead to some unnecessary—and very avoidable—bumps in that road. Here are a few common symptoms of marine aquarium complacency to watch for: Signs of benign neglect Complacent hobbyists aren’t typically guilty of gross negligence when it comes to their tanks, but they often lapse into a somewhat lackadaisical approach that could best be described as “benign neglect.” That is, they get so comfortable and absentminded in their methods that problems sometimes arise very slowly and almost imperceptibly. For instance, they may perform water changes of the same frequency and volume for many years without accounting for the increasing bioload in the tank as fish and invertebrates grow. As a result, nitrate and phosphate levels can gradually rise, leading to “unexplained” algae outbreaks and other issues related to declining water quality. MORE

Reef control technology

reeflink_smartphoneEven when broadband access began expanding, the thought of having a router that controlled something for your reef aquarium hadn’t entered the minds of most aquarists. Reefers were oohing and awing over wireless thermometers that placed a probe in your tank and allowed you to track temperature changes from another room. While communication technology hasn’t evolved solely for purposes related to reef aquariums, advances have opened up almost limitless possibilities for aquarists. Online monitoring equipment, controllers, webcams; all of it ushers in an exciting new era of reef keeping. LED lighting, with its ability to ramp up and down, creating a host of different profiles allows marine aquariums to be more beautiful than ever. When deciding on technology to implement for your reef aquarium, what options are the most useful and how much technical knowledge do you need?  MORE

First Aquarium Partnership Between United States and Cuba

cubaThe Florida Aquarium in Tampa, Florida is looking to collaborate with The National Aquarium of Havana to come together to help protect coral reefs. The Florida Aquarium has delivered a memorandum of understanding for joint research to the National Aquarium of Havana. This would be the first partnership between Cuban and American Aquariums. The Aquarium’s goals are purely environmental, specifically to help stop decay of coral reefs. The National Aquarium of Havana has conducted extensive research on species of coral health which are not available in the U.S, and the combined research can aid to help save our coral reefs. The decline of coral reefs is a World wide problem, and it is great to see World wide initiative to try and combat it. The Florida Aquarium hopes to send representatives to Cuba in November. MORE

The Reef Table: Trouble in Paradise? Making Heads or Tails of Hawaiian Legislation

 There’s been a good deal of rumbling going on in the Aquarium community the past few weeks erupting out of beautiful Hawaii, with a slew of ban bills threatening Hawaiian fisheries.  As with anything, especially such an emotionally fueled event, there’s a great deal of conflicting information. MORE

Do protein skimmers remove nitrate?

p-36007-fish-supplyNitrates can be the bane of existence for many reef aquarists. They aren’t nearly as toxic as nitrite or ammonia and unless they exist in very high amounts (excess of 50-100 ppm) they don’t have a tremendous effect on fish. The problem is that nitrate is a growth fuel for algae, including zooanthellae within coral tissue. I often tell aquarists to think of zooanthellae like a case of ring worm in human beings. When kept in check, this particular ring worm provides you with energy and nourishment. Under proper conditions, your body simply ignores its presence, enjoying all the extra energy. If some environmental or biological condition causes it to grow too much, your immune system kicks in, fighting off the ring worm and robbing you of all that excess sustenance. This is how zooanthellae exists within coral tissue. Under proper conditions it provides nourishment, allowing the natural colors of a coral to shine through. When nitrate is present, the zooanthellae takes off and the coral’s biological processes perceive it as a threat. The coral expels the zooanthellae and usually perishes shortly after from starvation. If we seek to keep corals of any species with dramatic coloration, it’s best to have no nitrate within the water, or barely measurable amounts. There are a lot of ways to remove nitrate, and nitrate filtration is something within the hobby that has become very popular these days. Everything from refugiums to bio-pellets is aimed at removing nitrate. Often, I hear reef keepers comment that their protein skimmer aids in nitrate removal. In reviews of popular skimmers online, aquarists comment that adding the skimmer resulted in a dramatic reduction of nitrates. Do protein skimmers really remove nitrate? It would seem like they could, considering all the thick, green, smelly waste that accumulates within a collection cup. Let’s take a look at protein skimmers and their ability to remove nitrates within a marine aquarium.  MORE is the world's leading destination for sustainable coral reef farming and the aquarium hobby. We offer a free open forum and reef related news and data to better educate aquarists and further our goals of sustainable reef management.