Researchers from the University of Riverside are studying the internal bone structure of Mantis Shrimp in an effort to reduce the damaging effects of head trauma associated with American Football. Within the dactyl forearms of the Mantis a spiral structure of bone material called chitin is specific, and this formation allows for the buffering of damaging elastic waves such as shear waves, through its forearms. “This is a novel concept,” said David Kisailus, the Winston Chung Endowed Professor in Energy Innovation at UC Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering. Researchers will attempt to apply the architecture of mantis shrimp arms to products such as football helmets and body pads: “It implies that we can make composite materials able to filter certain stress waves that would otherwise damage the material.” “The smasher mantis shrimp will hit many times per day. It is amazing,” said Pablo Zavattieri, an associate professor in the Lyles School of Civil Engineering and a University Faculty Scholar at Purdue University. Read more here!
Neptune Systems is pleased to announce that it will begin shipping its new Par Monitoring Kit, priced at $299.95, to North America next month. For more information, go to: https://www.neptunesystems.com/pmk/
Top Fin Aquarium heaters, according to the Consumer Product Safety Commission, are on now on recall due to possible fire or electrical hazard to consumers. The heaters were sold at Petsmart from August 2014 to April 2015. The models include 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250 watt aquarium heaters. The company has 13 reports of incidents so far, including fire, four reports of electrical shock and multiple reports of electrical shortage. Petsmart is giving consumers a full refund for any returned units purchased at the store. MORE
Solar Radiation Management is a theory of approach towards stemming the effects of global warming, and its principle benefits are now the focus of a new paper published by the University of Exeter, with regard to coral reefs worldwide. Dr Paul Halloran, from the Geography department of the University of Exeter adds: “The study shows that the benefit of SRM over a conventional CO2 reduction scenario is dependent on the sensitivity of future thermal bleaching thresholds to changes in seawater acidity. This emphasizes the need to better characterize how warming and ocean acidification may interact to influence coral bleaching over the 21st century.” Currently The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is considering and implementing many different approaches to reverse some of the effects of global warming. With this new study finding a more suitable approach towards coral reefs is possible as two hypothetical climate mitigation strategies were compared, and it was found corals have a much better chance of avoiding large-scale bleaching events under the SRM strategical approach. Professor Peter Cox, co-author of the research and from the University of Exeter states: “Coral reefs face a dire situation regardless of how intensively society decarbonizes the economy. In reality there is no direct choice between conventional mitigation and climate engineering but this study shows that we need to either accept that the loss of a large percentage of the world’s reefs is inevitable or start thinking beyond conventional mitigation of CO2 emissions.” Read more here!
Keeping Tuna alive in captivity is extremely difficult and a task that only a handful of public aquariums around the world are able to do. Tokyo Sea Life Park was among the pioneers in displaying tuna in aquariums. Last year, sadly 160 tuna died without a known cause. By December of 2014, there was just one tuna left in the Aquariums famous 2000 gallon, donut shaped tank. The cause of the massive tuna deaths remains unknown. The Aquarium has been slowly adding different species back to the tank, to see how they did. So far, none of the fish which have been added to tank have suffered any known ailments. Therefore, the aquarium added the 80 tuna back to the tank and reopened it to the public. Hopefully the addition of the tuna far just as well, and the tank can go back to being a healthy habitat for the tuna. MORE
The largest non-profit organization of marine aquarium hobbyists and clubs has begun its 2015 membership drive. Every individual or family that joins during the month of June will be entered into a drawing to win a TUNZE Universal Osmolator model 3155, which has been generously donated by the world-renowned company. In addition, $5 of each new and renewed membership will go towards the Gary Meadows Reef Fund. MASNA scholarship applications are due by June 19 – http://masna.org/masna-programs/scholarship-program/ . So join or renew today; help encourage the ethical and true growth of the marine aquarium hobby, support captive breeding and propagation efforts, and maybe even win a TUNZE Osmolator! For more information, go to : http://masna.org/
I’m continuously fascinated by all of the different things that live in our oceans. Sponges are the simplest of multicellular organisms and also among the oldest, with a fossil record extending back to the last part of the Precambrian, about 550 million years ago. When I go snorkeling at the fossil reef at Key Biscayne (my local reef) I see all types of sponges; bright red fire sponge, large brown barrel sponges, delicate blue encrusting sponges, etc. They inhabit turtle grass beds and coral reefs alike. Sponges filter the water while providing food and shelter for a myriad of creatures.MORE