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Reefs Magazine Reviews “…Diseases of Marine Fishes”

In the latest issue of Reefs Magazine, editor Randy Donowitz published a review of The Salt Smart Guide to Preventing, Diagnosing, and Treating Diseases of Marine Fishes. He discusses the overall format, types of information included, and how the knowledge included in this resource can benefit saltwater aquarium enthusiasts at large.The majority of the book is concerned with environmental and husbandry issues that affect fish health and the plethora of specific diseases that afflict marine fish. Cause, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment are addressed for each disease. If you read these chapters carefully, many of the “mystery” deaths so commonly referenced in the hobby become a lot less mysterious.” – Randy Donowitz, Editor, Reefs Magazine Read the full review here – Book Review: Hemdal’s Diseases of Marine Fishes Related posts:Share this: MORE

Naso lituratus: a Sleek, Striking, Outstanding Fish for Spacious Marine Aquariums

Naso Tang, a.k.a Orangespine Unicornfish (Naso lituratus)Certain marine fish really make me wish I could afford to set up and maintain a much larger aquarium. Among these is Naso lituratus, the lipstick tang, aka the naso tang, tricolor tang, or orangespine unicornfish. Alas, this hardy, attractive Pacific species (according to Fishbase, the very similar Indian Ocean and Red Sea populations once regarded as N. lituratus are now classified as Naso elegans) gets much too big and is far too energetic for my 125-gallon FOWLR tank. Physical traitsN. lituratus is characteristically tang-shaped with a laterally compressed, oval-shaped body and elongated snout. On each side of the caudal peduncle, it sports two razor-sharp, permanently erected spines that warrant very careful handling (they can get entangled in nets easily) as well as vigilance against accidental contact whenever working in the specimen’s tank. The caudal fin is lyre-shaped, with males developing long, trailing filaments that extend from the tip of each lobe MORE

High Tech Animal Tracker Unveiled At Tennessee Aquarium

phoneThe Tennessee Aquarium has unveiled some new technology, the first of its kind in U.S. aquariums. There are microscopic wire-coded tags called Beacons which are implanted in Aquarium-reared Southern Appalachian Brook Trout and sonic tags that will show the locations of recently reintroduced lake Sturgeon. The Aquarium allows its visitors to be on par with world class biologists and scientists as they track rare animals around the World. Visitors at the aquarium will receive notifications when they are approaching ‘tagged’ animal habitats MORE

Bashsea Sumps Continue to Excite

bashSumpFor years now the Bashsea team has been producing robust equipment for the aquarium industry. They continue to push the limit of fit, form and function, with these recent new releases being no exception. The black and white scheme of their newest custom signature series absolutely floored me, and I’m not one to drool over crazy sumps in general. Perhaps it’s the clean lines. Perhaps it’s the way the white pops out at me screaming, “Austin, you need this.” Whatever it is, my custom made glass sump looks like a box ‘o crap compared to these gorgeous acrylic fabrications. MORE

Exposure to Waterborne Microbes Induces Happy High for Aquarists?

Years ago, I worked a few seasons in the Alaskan crab fisheries. As one might expect, this is the kind of setting where you’re going to meet some pretty tough dudes–definitely not the type to fret over little bumps and scrapes. But there was one thing that frankly scared the hell out of all of us–a condition artlessly referred to as “fish poisoning.” King crab in particular are very spiny; sloppy handling on the part of an careless deckhand can result in deep puncture wounds that are highly susceptible to infection of “bulla.” Bulla is a condition characterized by nasty skin lesions that are caused by Mycobacterium marinum, a microbe that lives in both marine and freshwater habitats worldwide. Also called fish tuberculosis, it is related to human TB as well as leprosy. So it is really, really bad. And, it is very difficult to treat, especially for the immunocompromised. Any time that my shipmates or I got poked, we nervously observed the site of the wound for days and weeks, watching for the telltale signs of mycobacteria poisoning–reddish or purplish streaks that run up the limb, a discharge of pus at the wound and localized pain to the touch. This was a fear that always stayed with me throughout my subsequent years of work in the aquarium industry, kept alive by the occasional report of some fishkeeper somewhere losing life or limb to mycobacteria infection (i.e. aquarium granuloma). So, it was not without some incredulity that I considered the implication of claims rehashed in a recent article floating around on social media. The article describes findings in a 2007 study that seem to suggest that a soil mybacterium, M. vaccae, can act like an antidepressant on the human body. MORE

NERAC IX to infinity and beyond

11068299_626578650809037_3463944896070992272_nIt’s the most wonderful time of the year… the North East Reef Aquarium Conference or better known as NERAC! That’s right, folks! Coming up this Saturday, March 21st is NERAC IX, home of some of the greatest memories you could ever have. This year is going to be EPIC, thanks to all the hard work of the Long Island Reef Association! As usual NERAC will take place at the Long Island Aquarium and Exhibition Center, home to the mother of all reef tanks. This year there are going to be some mind blowing speakers; Jamie Craggs; Dr. Sanjay Joshi; Richard Ross; Jake Adams -With Special Guest Mark Callahan aka Mr. Saltwater tank will be in attendance to document this epic event. But that’s not all; he will also be raffling off a sweet prize! To find out more about Mr. Saltwater Tank’s contest follow this link: After feeding your brain, you can feed your stomach with a delicious lunch catered by the staff of Atlantis Banquets and Events. Alongside this already brilliant event, will be some fin-tastic vendors providing you with any dry goods or frags you could ever want.10174915_10205224422400389_6164322510648064252_n Along with Mark’s contest there are plenty of other amazing items that will be raffled off. I’ve seen some of the sweet raffle prizes and trust me…you will want at least 50 tickets. If all of that wasn’t enough to convince you to drop all of your plans for next Saturday and get the frag out here, there is an elegantly catered dinner with an open bar! Have you ever wanted to sit and have dinner at an aquarium? Well here is your chance. Also did I mention there’s an open bar?! For more information such as times and pricing check out

Reef Threads Podcast #221


It’s podcast time again. In this week’s show we talk about Rod’s Food, water testing, the Port of Miami dredging disaster, Michael Paletta’s article about hobby costs, and Christine’s milk-filter-sock experiments. Download the podcast here, or subscribe to our podcasts at iTunes. Also, follow us on Twitter at reefthreads.—Gary and Christine

Red-Orange Branching Sponge, Ptilocaulis sp.

Good morning friends, I have a very hard to find, rarely ever seen, Red-Orange Branching Sponge, Ptilocaulis sp. In the 11 years I have been here I have only ever found five different specimens at five different dive sites and believe it or not they are all still there! For those few Caribbean sponge lovers it’s one of the coolest sponges we have, it’s got this crazy rough texture and brilliant red-orange coloring, what more could you ask for?? The surface is covered with conical projections, or spicules. Ptilocaulis is a genus of demosponges. The species within this genus are usually red or orange MORE is the world's leading destination for sustainable coral reef farming and the aquarium hobby. We offer a free open forum and reef related news and data to better educate aquarists and further our goals of sustainable reef management.