- Saltwater Aquarium Blog - Marine Aquarium Blog | Reefs

Top Stories
Latest Posts

Mall Of America Aquarium Fixes Turtle’s ‘Bubble Butt’

sea turtle bubble_1447189968654_465741_ver1.0_640_360‘Bubble butt’, although a phrase not ordinarily associated with marine life, is a syndrome that affects turtles. ‘Bubble butt’ occurs when turtles get an air pocket under their shell, causing too much buoyancy and an inability of the turtles to dive underwater. This condition can often be caused by turtles swallowing harmful debris and pollutants like plastic or being impacted by boats. The trapped gas from the decomposition of the debris in the turtles stomach leads to the air pocket, which causes them to float at the top of the surface. A sea turtle unable to dive would eventually starve to death and become an easy target for predators. MORE

Some new offerings from Two Little Fishies, and the infamous Julian Sprung

JulianJulian Sprung is one of reef keeping’s great innovators. If you’ve ever met Julian, he’s a soft-spoken guy and I imagine the wheels inside his head are always grinding away. It was Julian Sprung, along with Mike Paletta and a handful of others 20+ years ago that helped pave the way for the captive reef aquarium. They developed coral fragging, and broke barriers in understanding what coral life needed to thrive in captivity. Julian started his own company, Two Little Fishies (TLF) and I imagine most of us have used a Two Little Fishies’ product at some point or another. What makes TLF unique is that they don’t produce and market expensive, or necessarily high tech aquarium equipment. There isn’t a TLF lighting fixture on the market, or even a TLF protein skimmer. In fact, their simple Phosban reactor is probably as close to either of those things as the company has gotten. What they do is consistently create innovative, effective and helpful products, with a strong curve toward common sense and long term aquatic success.  MORE

Terelabrus dewapyle: A new species of deepwater labrid from the Western Pacific Oean

Screen Shot 2015-11-13 at 12.00.34 pm

The new species Terelabrus dewapyle. Photo credit: A-C – Fukui & Motomura. D-F – K. Nishiyama.

 The genus Terelabrus was first erected in 1998 based on an unknown labrid collected at 100m in Bulari Pass, New Caledonia. The species was described as T. rubrovittatus, and since then, has managed to remain the sole representative for the genus. Through the passing of time, in accordance to the development and growth of the ornamental fish industry, two new phenotypes have since been discovered – one from the Western Pacific and the Western Indian Ocean respectively. Although these potentially distinct phenotypes have been widely known for years, no formal taxonomic treatment has been given, and as such, have greatly exacerbated in fueling the ongoing erroneous labeling of the species. In the latest paper published by Fukui and Motomura, the Western Pacific phenotype has been recognized and elevated to full species level. T. dewapyle now relinquishes T. rubrovittatus from being the sole representative of the previously monotypic genus Terelabrus. MORE

Ocean Swipe 360 Kickstarter Campaign Launched

reefs.comOS360I have to say that your new product has me more excited than any product release in the 12 years I’ve been in the industry.” This was the opening sentence of the first email I sent to the Ocean Swipe team. And it’s true. I was refreshing their homepage all day between aquarium visits. At noon today their Kickstarter campaign launched. MORE

Fauna Marin in the U.S.

fauna marin products - reefsGermany’s Fauna Marin, a leader in the marine fish and coral food industry for over 20 years, has just announced the opening of their first U.S.-based warehouse! In April of this year, the company’s products became available in the U.S. through both Los Angeles-based Oculus Aquatics and internet giant Bulk Reef Supply, and the overwhelmingly positive customer response prompted Fauna Marin’s management to move forward with plans to open a permanent facility in the country. The company is also known for its line of premium tank supplements and additives, including Balling Method supplies. This daily-dosing regime involving calcium, magnesium, carbonate hardness, and trace elements replaces the use of a calcium reactor for saltwater and reef tanks; Leonardo’s Reef has a great article explaining the method. The move will allow the company to improve product availability, bring in new products, and directly handle support questions as it distributes products wholesale to the trade. All North American dealers will now be able to order directly from “Fauna Marin USA”, located in West Haven, CT.  And if there is a specific product that you are looking for, the company encourages you to call them at (203) 871-1194 or send an email to, and someone will be happy to help you find the retailer closest to you.

Marine Aquarium Water Changes: Don’t Postpone the Personal Payoff!

Part of my clan rejoicing in their “dose” of clean waterYesterday, I finally got around to performing an overdue water change in my 125-gallon tank. Admiring the fruits of my labor afterward, I couldn’t help wondering, “Why on earth do I wait so long to do these when the result is always so rewarding?” Actually, I know exactly why I wait so long, and it’s probably the same reason many of you do as well—sometimes life just gets in the way. Writing and editing projects begin to pile up, deadlines loom one after another, and I just don’t have enough time or energy left by the end of the day to squeeze in yet another project. Weekends usually find me catching up on articles or SWS posts or at least trying to squeeze in a little relaxation, so I don’t exactly relish the thought of doing water changes then either.Still, whenever I discipline myself to push through and tackle this essential maintenance chore (which actually doesn’t have to be as challenging or time-consuming as I make it out to be in my head), not only do my fish and corals reap the benefits, but my enjoyment of the tank is significantly enhanced as well. How so? First off, the dilution of all the bad stuff in the water and replenishment of the good stuff—like a rush of fresh air into a stuffy room or that first warm spring day after a cold winter—seems to bring out the very best in my fish. Never are they friskier or more vibrantly colored than right after a water change. MORE

World’s Most Elusive Shark Tagged For First Time

speartoothIt is amazing that we still have animals today that have not been seen or studied. Although modern science has come a long away, the ocean always seems to remain a step ahead of us. The first adult Glyphis glyphis, or Speartooth Shark, has been tagged and released. Previously, only juvenile species of this shark were known. Prior to 2014, no adult species of this shark were ever even seen! In 2014, a fisherman in Papua New Guinea had caught some adult sharks. This species is endangered and it is estimated that there are only 2500 of the species remaining. MORE

Dealing With Red Bugs and AEFW

When I first started keeping reef tanks a long time ago there seemed to be much less awareness of certain pests that can infiltrate and harm a reef tank. “Back in the day” wild colonies were all the rage and reef keepers were not as diligent about checking for pests. Dealing with Red Bugs and AEFW (Acro Eating Flatworms) wasn’t even on my radar when I had my first 90 gallon reef and it took a while before it crept into my conscience when I had my 120 gallon reef. The 120 gallon reef was my best tank to date and it was dominated with large and colorful SPS that grew from small frags and colonies My 120 Gallon Reef Tank However, over time, a few acros didn’t look as colorful as others so I tried certain remedies like changing my lighting setup or doing more water changes but nothing seemed to help. MORE is the world's leading destination for sustainable coral reef farming and the aquarium hobby. We offer a free open forum and reef related news and data to better educate aquarists and further our goals of sustainable reef management.