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Hydor International Files Trade Complaint against Jebao

 Hydor filed a complaint last week with the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) stating that Jebao’s products infringe U.S. Patent No. 8,191,846, a patent protecting HYDOR’s aquarium fitting technology. The plaintiff released a statement to the press, stating, “HYDOR considers its aquarium fitting technology and its related patents to be very valuable, and it will remain resolute and active in vigorously enforcing its patents in this area.” The press release of the ITC complaint is now available online at and on the Hydor Facebook pageMORE

Nano Jellyfish Tank News

jellyfish tank 2 - reefs
Exciting news from Jellyfish Art!  The Florida company has more than surpassed its $50,000 Kickstarter goal (raising over $300,000 to date!) and will be shipping their new Jellyfish Cylinder Nano just in time for Christmas 2015. The first of its kind, the aquarium is a revolutionary 2 gallon all-inclusive jellyfish aquarium kit, and comes with everything you need to set up the aquarium, including jellyfish food and a voucher for three live Moon jellyfish. When the tank is ready for jellyfish, the vouchers can be redeemed at; the company will express-ship to your doorstep anywhere in the continental U.S.. MORE

Creating Super Coral

Scientists from Hawaii’s Institue for Marine Biology on Coconut Island are tinkering with evolution in an attempt to create “super coral” capable of withstanding the increasing temperatures and acidity of our oceans. When the report was released NOAA coral reef watch coordinator Mark Eakin said “We may be looking at losing somewhere in the range of 10 to 20 percent of the coral reefs this year. Hawaii is getting hit with the worst coral bleaching they have ever seen.” Bleaching events, where coral expel their symbiotic algae, have “intensified and got much more serious,” said Ruth Gates, director of the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology. “Where they once looked for the bleached coral among the healthy, her team is now “looking for the healthy individuals in a sea of pale corals.”  Video courtesy of AP. The teams theoretical experimentation approach, called “assisted evolution,” involves exposure of more resilient corals to water conditions that mimic future warmer, and more acidic, ocean parameters. Although the assisted evolution approach has been around for years aspects the team are incorporating include selective breeding of species that harbor stronger traits, all of this with the goal of creating a “labratory-enhanced” broodstock for repopulating affected reefs. “We’ve given them experiences that we think are going to raise their ability to survive stress,” Gates adds. The project is a long ways away from any substantial data collection but the team will be planting any “super coral” they produce back into Kaneohe Bay where they will be observed and hopefully reproducing stronger more adapted offspring within a years time.  Read more here!

4 Crabby Caveats to Keeping Clibanarius tricolor

Blue-legged hermit crabs (Clibanarius tricolor)Clibanarius tricolor, the blue-legged hermit crab, is very commonly introduced to marine aquaria, either in conspecific groups or as part of a multi-species “reef janitor” package or “cleanup crew” (aka “CUC” for those who just can’t get enough of those marine aquarium acronyms), for the purpose of aiding in detritus and algae control. But does this little hermit really perform as advertised and is it truly reef safe? Based on my personal experience with keeping blue-legged hermits, I would answer both of these questions with a resounding “maybe.” Before adding C. tricolor to your aquarium—especially in large numbers—consider the following four caveats:1. It’s an opportunistic omnivore What this point should tell you is, C. tricolor won’t necessarily limit its menu to the algae, detritus, and uneaten food you want it to consume. MORE

WWF Reports on the Status of Our Oceans

On the heels of international climate talks in Paris the World Wildlife Fund has released a startling review of the status of our oceans titled “Living Blue Planet Report.” The WWF and Zoological Society of London releases a bi-annual report that details the state of our planets “health” or homeostatic condition, but this report released just a couple of months ago is an amplified message, explaining how we as a species have mismanaged our oceans to the extent of imitate collapse. “When I wrote the foreword to the 2014 edition of WWF’s Living Planet Report, I said it was not for the faint-hearted. This edition – a deep dive into the health of marine species and the habitats on which they depend – is equally if not more sobering” explains Marco Lambertini Director General at WWF International.150917095044_1_900x600 Although the report tells a grim tale of our current state it spends much time offering solutions and reinforcing our innate ability to create change. “The good news is there are abundant opportunities to reverse these trends,” said Brad Ack, senior vice president for oceans at WWF. “Stopping black market fishing, protecting coral reefs, mangroves and other critical ocean habitats, and striking a deal in Paris to slash carbon pollution are all good for the ocean, the economy, and people. Now is the time for the US and other world players to lead on these important opportunities.” Please follow this link to view the ENTIRE REPORT FOR FREE but if you don’t have time to read the entire study please review these stunning statements written at the beginning of the paper: 

  • Nearly 3 billion people rely of fish as a major source of protein.
  • Overall, Fisheries and Aquaculture assure the livelihoods of 10-12 percent of the world’s population.
  • 60 percent of the world’s population lives within 100km of the coast.
  • Marine invertebrates populations have declined 49 percent between 1970 and 2012.
  • Populations of fish species utilized by humans have fallen by half, with some of the most important species experiencing even greater declines.
  • Around one in four species of sharks, rays, and skate is now threatened with extinction, due primarily to overfishing.
  • Tropical reefs have lost more than half their reef-building corals of the past 30 years.
  • Worldwide, nearly 20 percent of mangrove cover was lost between 1980 and 2005.
  • 29 percent of marine fisheries are overfished. If current levels continue, the ocean will become too warm for coral reefs by 2050.
  • Seabed mining licenses cover 1.2 million square kilometers of ocean floor.
  • more than 50 trillion plastic pieces weighing over 250,000 tonnes are in the sea.
  • Oxygen-depleted dead zones are growing as a result of nutrient run-off.
  • The ocean generates economic benefits worth at least US$2.5 trillion dollars per year.
  • Just 3.4 percent of the ocean is protected, and only part of this effectively managed.
  • Increasing Marine Protected Area coverage to 30 percent could generate up to US$920 Billion dollars between 2015 and 2050.

The Candy Shop Presents a Rare Euphyllia

dscf0989-2 Over the years, one type of coral has become a staple in many aquaria, lending a flowing presence and a surprising array of color, but it is a rare occasion two species of the same genus combine to create a truly unique specimen. Hailing from Indonesian waters, and known affectionately in the hobby as a “Frammer,” the distinctive combination of both Euphyllia divisa and Euphyllia ancora offer owners both the nodular protrusions of a frogspawn and the beveled tentacles of a “hammer” (ancora) Euphyllia. MORE

Algae Saves Coral from Crown of Thorns

A paper published recently has shed some light into the battle against the Crown of Thorns sea star. “You don’t have to see the crown-of-thorns to know they have been on the reef. You can see where they have been because they leave trails of bleached white coral. All they leave behind are the coral skeletons,” says Cody Clements, a Georgia Tech graduate student in Hay’s lab and the paper’s lead author. The Crown of Thorns has been a thorn in the side of reef management for quite some time now, and methods to eradicate the menace have been largely unsuccessful, but this two-year study will allow management teams to incorporate the roles of seaweed into their plans to battle the onslaught of these sea stars. MORE

Weak Snick: Suspect Nutritional Myopathy In Syngnathids

Seahorse mid strike; hyoid bone visible which is part of the complex musculoskeletal system seahorses utilize in suction feeding. This can be damaged easily. Photo by Tami Weiss

 You may have heard of ‘weak snick’, a common description of a clinical sign in syngnathids whereby attempts to feed appear weakened, that is, they don’t produce the nice ‘click’ sound you like to hear when healthy syngnathids strike at their prey. Multiple causes have been attributed to this particular clinical sign however in some severe progressive cases; this has been suspected to be due to a nutritional myopathy, which simply means a muscle disease caused by a nutritional imbalance. The suspected nutritional myopathy can present in many ways including: lethargy, weak snick, inappetence, and in severe unresolved cases, death. Often times, affected animals will succumb to secondary infections (often bacterial or parasitic) as these animals become immunocompromised from stress and malnourishment and this can often obscure the fact that the primary problem is of a nutritional origin. While the cause has not been confirmed in syngnathids, the primary suspects are oxidized fatty acids, particularly susceptible oxidation are highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFAs) as well as deficiencies in vitamins E and C.and the mineral selenium. MORE is the world's leading destination for sustainable coral reef farming and the aquarium hobby. We offer a free open forum and reef related news and data to better educate aquarists and further our goals of sustainable reef management.